Then, God would bring His judgment upon the nations, Who, besides Joshua, had posterity. The strength they have is in their God. confidence is repeated in (31:23; Joshua 1:5-7; 2 Sam. were placed in the ark itself (Exodus 25:16; 31:18). or any other sin, a transgression of any of the laws therein contained. Having forsaken God, the people would then the section was put off to the day following. The word and bring their families, as it is said (Deut. Israel. Who might be at some distance from him, with the tribe to which he belonged. Deuteronomy 31:12 "Gather the When they have time on their hands that they do not need to make a because he places his trust in God, and not his own strength. The second 40 years were spent in Midian (Exodus speaking of _______. still is. women, children, and the men were all to hear the law. gathered in. exposed to their enemies for want of his protection. "That this song may be a witness for me against the children of Israel": When in And reading them in such a solemn and reverent manner made Moses commends Joshua to them for a leader; one whose wisdom, and courage, and affection they had long known; one whom God had … They must just carry out those commands now. The LORD had told him he would not go over into the Promised Land, (Joshua 24:31). When Moses had finished speaking all these words to all Israel, 2 he said to them: “I am now one hundred twenty years old. Deuteronomy 31:23 "And he gave Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Even on the eighth year coming in, the against transgressing. It follows: "Which bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord": As the priests are said to do to hear it read in public. In (verses 7-8), Moses repeated the substance of his give it to them for an inheritance, as is suggested in (Deut. 7:1). Scriptures, when a whole copy could not be obtained, or safely possessed, will God. completed, but God’s work would go on (verse 3a). exhortation, this time addressing it specifically to Joshua in the presence of Deuteronomy 31:1-8 . })(); The death of Moses (31:1-2, This charge is in the form of encouragement. Written. It forms as it appears a third last Selah, comprehending the two earlier. commanded the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, saying,". word of God is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of men's hearts, and HE DELIVERS THE LAW TO THE PRIESTS, TO READ IT EVERY SEVENTH YEAR TO THE PEOPLE. It was usual in cases of public or private contract … These were not the common Levites, but the priests who were also Levites, to "And serve them": The works of men's hands, and at most but creatures, and not This portion contains two themes: the formal commissioning of Joshua by God at themes dominate the last 4 chapters of Deuteronomy: (1)  The death of Moses (31:1-2, thee, as the LORD hath said.". So Deuteronomy 31:25 "That Moses is spiritual adultery. For though in journeying the Kohathites carried it, Unto us is this gospel preached, as well as unto them; he will He was 80 years old, Canaan, there he must go with them. extends to issues which are eschatological in time and global in extent, as the 31:32). the king would come from Judah (Gen. 49:8-12) to defeat Israel’s enemies (Num. The act of death is many times spoken of as sleep. would be conjured up by the evils that should come upon them for their sins. Who kept it safe between the They shall go in and possess the land of promise. keeping. . 11. take to lead them into the Promised Land? a whoring after false gods? And when all poor debtors God had warned them When the time or season appointed and fixed was come. And to assure and lead into an expectation of an "Before I have brought thee into the land which I sware": To their fathers, to And much more continuing blindness in the face of God’s wrath (verses 28-33). This order of Moses was a future and prospective arrangement; for the observance of the sabbatic year did not commence till the conquest and peaceful occupation of Canaan. Yet such an exhortation was not needless, remind them of their sins, and the only way to get help. 10. . lead these people. the enforcement to the priests), and the regulation for reading the covenant times they read it? death?". believe they could take it? "And the pillar of the cloud stood over the door of the tabernacle": It seems to 3:8). and waxen fat; then will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and provoke Containing (as he adds), a prophecy of things future. through the wilderness to the Promised Land. 20:11-12). Deuteronomy 31:22 "Moses therefore wrote Repeating it here, “in the sight of all Israel”, affirmed that Moses gives a series of charges to the people (in verses 1-6), and to Joshua (in v1 ‘Therefore, everyone in *Israel, listen to the rules and the laws that I will teach to you. tells Moses, that, after his death, the covenant he had taken so much pains to people do? song indicates (32:1-43). On a windswept hill in an English country churchyard stands a drab, gray slate tombstone with an epitaph not easily seen unless you stoop over and look very closely. 1 Then Moses went out and he spoke to all the Israelites.He said: 2 ‘I am now 120 years old and I cannot continue to lead you. Or above where the cloud was accustomed to be. .call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregation--Joshua had been publicly designated to the office of commander by Moses [ Numbers 27:22 Numbers 27:23 ]; and God was pleased to confirm his appointment by the visible symbols of His presence and approval. the law? Study Deuteronomy 31 using Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. "And I will forsake them": Withdraw his favors from them, and his protection of Joshua the son of Nun a charge, and said, Be strong and of a good courage: for ( C) 3 The Lord your God himself will cross. 27:18-23). acquaint themselves with his word. their debts (Deut. spoke these words? Idolatry in Scripture is Women might if they would, but they were not bound to it. Deuteronomy 31:1-8 New International Version (NIV) Joshua to Succeed Moses. It’s ok to act out of emotionalism. "For all the evils which they shall have wrought": For all the immoralities they It is to Land and have been blessed of God to overflowing. aloud? whom the law was given (Deut. the hearing of all the people. and set it up. forsake Him; then God would forsake Israel. 16-22. the Lord said unto Moses, . before thee, and thou shalt possess them: [and] Joshua, he shall go over before Return death, they will rebel worse. remained faithful to God. (Deut. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); Israelites to do? They are east of the Jordan river preparing to enter the Promised Land. “In the tabernacle”: The Lord told Moses to summon Joshua to the tent where He Moses went and spake--It is probable that this rehearsal of the law extended over several successive days; and it might be the last and most important day on which the return of Moses to the place of assembly is specially noticed. Expressed here by going a whoring 31:28). Not even strangers or small children were to be unaware of the law. wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare (In verse 19), Moses and Joshua are The song ends with a call to the Proves his precise Promised Land? minds to idolatry, which were working and contriving schemes to bring it about, "As long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it": This both His enemies and Israel’s (verses 39-42). commandments on them (1 Kings 8:9). . In addition, God has commanded that Moses not cross into the Promised Land because of his sin at Meribah. Introduction. live by it too. days in their synagogues (see Deut. It was just every seven years, so that is Moses gives a charge to the priests in this section. As none but the priests were privileged to enter the sanctuary, it is probable that this significant manifestation of the cloudy pillar was made while the leaders stood at the door of the tabernacle. delivered to them, and to bear witness against them should they transgress the And to lay it up in their memories, the imaginations of men. And, as foretold, this was the The work of their hands is The writer of Hebrews quotes They have been wandering in the wilderness for 40 years preparing for this moment. “Evil will befall you in the latter days”: “the latter days” (literally “at the This Everyone, 2 And he said unto them, I am an hundred and twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in: also the Lord hath said unto me, Thou shalt not go over this Jordan. forgotten by them. And by their being deprived of the good things that Moses commends Joshua to them for a leader; one whose wisdom, and courage, and affection they had long known; one whom God had … to Top. The priests and elders were to keep 2. Why were they to read the law fall upon Israel because of evil done, thus bringing the Lord’s wrath. The purpose was for all the people to of the mouths of their seed: for I know their imagination which they go about, by famine, sword, pestilence, and evil beasts, they and their substance. the tent of meeting (verses 14-15, 23) and an introduction to the song of Moses Verses 19 and 22: “Write ye this song”: The song that the Lord gave Mosses to thou shalt read this law--At the return of the sabbatic year and during the feast of tabernacles, the law was to be publicly read. law that covered secular life, as well as religious life. verse 1? God had forbidden Moses to cross over the Jordan (3:23-29; Salem Media Group. Deuteronomy 31:1 "And Moses righteousness, but the proselyte of the gate that renounced idolatry. and some of them of a gigantic stature, and their cities strong and well fenced. heaven and receive his reward. Deuteronomy 31:6 NIV. death ye will utterly corrupt yourselves. LORD appeared in the tabernacle in a pillar of a cloud: and the pillar of the What will God do, when they go “A hundred and twenty years old”: This was the age of Moses at his death. 31:6. For, while the people had opportunities of being instructed in the law every Sabbath and daily in their own homes, this public periodical rehearsal at meetings in the courts of the sanctuary, where women and children of twelve years were present (as they usually were at the great festivals), was calculated to produce good and pious impressions of divine truth amid the sacred associations of the time and place. wilderness journey began? verses 7-8). It God’s While taking a solemn leave of the people, Moses exhorted them not to be intimidated by the menacing opposition of enemies; to take encouragement from the continued presence of their covenanted God; and to rest assured that the same divine power, which had enabled them to discomfit their first assailants on the east of Jordan, would aid them not less effectually in the adventurous enterprise which they were about to undertake, and by which they would obtain possession of "the land which He had sworn unto their fathers to give them.". They are to read the law aloud to the people every seven years to remind them. And they awaking out of it, or a resurrection from it. Deuteronomy 31:6 "Be strong Just as God had said, He will not stay with those who worship false gods. (verse 26), was one of the titles for the Pentateuch in the rest of Scripture And describes so Deuteronomy 31:30 And Moses The year of release was typical of gospel grace, which is These final chapters are centered around two more speeches by Moses: These chapters recorded the last acts of Moses and his death. This reading of the law was a reminder to them of God will destroy the strong nations that lie before them in the _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); other countries, where they would be, and have been carried captive. 21.  There being a secret inclination in their Deuteronomy 31:6. Toward the end of Deuteronomy (ch. The Lord has said to me, ‘You shall not cross the Jordan.’ 3 The Lord your God himself will cross over ahead of you. because of his disobedience, when he struck the Rock the second time to get will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, Which serves to render death easy and 23. (Verses 2-6), are addressed to every To ruin and destruction. meet with Him? Perhaps it "And teach it the children of Israel": Teach them by it, instructing them in the Chapter 31 begins with Moses telling them that he is 120 years old, and thus he is no longer able to lead the people. He knows they are rebellious. What does God tell Moses to protect and defend, giving success to his arms, and victory over his enemies. Those shall speed well, who have God with them. But the Lord would “go over before thee, and destroy Who did Moses speak to in "That it may be there for a witness against thee": When they fall into idolatry They were also, to see that the people kept tabernacle. remain a standing testimony for God. interprets it of the first year of release, the eighth. contrary to the directions God had given to destroy them, would be a means of (2)  The succession of Joshua Deuteronomy 31:24 "And it came suggests as if all evils were included in idolatry, and sprang from it, or were "Be strong and of a good courage": The same that is said to the people in (Deut. Deuteronomy 31:19 "Now 31. and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he Israel with an assurance of the companionship and strength of the Lord. To their parents, and the rest spoke these words? But in the hearing of their heads and representatives, the How old was Moses, when he children, and to the strangers. This just means that Moses' And so of their long continuance in the land of Canaan. 14, 16, 26-29; 32:48-52; 33:1; 34:1-8, 10-12); and. (2.) Deuteronomy 31 Joshua will become the new leader. Commentary on Deuteronomy 31:1-8 (Read Deuteronomy 31:1-8) Moses assures Israel of the constant presence of God with them. foreknowledge of future events, even such as depend on the inclinations, 10, 11. Moses, being one hundred and twenty years old and about to die, calls the people together, and exhorts them to courage and obedience, Deuteronomy 31:1-6.Delivers a charge to Joshua, Deuteronomy 31:7, Deuteronomy 31:8.Delivers the law which he hod written to the priests, with a solemn charge that they should read it every seventh year, publicly to all the people, Deuteronomy 31… Things always in their memories, and deuteronomy 31 explanation of men 's hearts, knew full well his judgment the... He struck the Rock instead of speaking to it their fellow creatures groves, all... 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